On December 10, 2019, the First Victorian People`s Assembly met for the first time in the House of Lords of victoria Parliament in Melbourne. The main objective of the Assembly is to develop the rules under which individual agreements are negotiated between the Victorian government and some Victorian Aborigines. It will also establish an independent contractual authority to oversee and ensure fair negotiations between Aboriginal groups and the Victorian government.  The conflict over the Kuril Islands was exacerbated on 16 July 2008, when the Japanese government issued new guidelines on textbooks that ordered teachers to say that Japan has sovereignty over the South Kuril Islands. The Russian Foreign Ministry announced on 18 July that « these measures do not contribute to the development of positive cooperation between the two countries or to the settlement of the dispute » and reaffirmed its sovereignty over the islands.   In 2006 again, Vladimir Putin`s Russian government proposed the return of Shikotan and the Habomais (about 6% of the disputed zone) to Japan if Japan renounced its claims to the other two islands, in reference to the 1956 Soviet-Japan Joint Union Declaration, which promised that Shikotan and the Habomais would be ceded to Japan after the signing of a peace treaty.    Brazil`s Federal Constitution stipulates that the power to enter into contracts is vested in the President of Brazil and that such contracts must be approved by the Brazilian Congress (Article 84, Article VIII and Article 49, Clause I). In practice, this has been interpreted to mean that the executive is free to negotiate and sign a treaty, but that its ratification by the President requires prior congressional approval. In addition, the Federal Supreme Court has ruled that after ratification and entry into force, a treaty must be enshrined in national law by a presidential decree issued in the Federal Register for it to be valid in Brazil and applicable by the Brazilian authorities. A Japanese online resource indicates that the military infrastructure gushing over the Kuril Islands should be part of the future plan for the North Sea Route, a sea route between the Kara Sea in the Arctic and the Pacific Ocean. The source believes that the road to Russia could be in hand, as its power in the Pacific has been weakened in recent decades.
  In addition, the transfer of Koil to Japan would lead to an escalation of the territorial disputes that Russia has with other countries.  During the peace talks between Japan and the Soviet Union in 1956, the Soviet side proposed to settle the dispute by returning Shikotan and Habomai to Japan.